Technical standards & specifications establish uniform criteria for engineering methods, practices, product specifications, and performance.
3 types of U.S. patents:
1.) Utility patents granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter.
2.) Design patents granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture
3.) Plant patents granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant (SOURCE: USPTO website)